Bichon Frise is a small, sturdy, white powder puff of a dog, its
intelligent expression, and plumed tail carried jauntily over the back,
attest to its merry temperament and create an overall air of elegance
dignity. This is a breed that has no gross or incapacitating
and therefore there is no inherent reason for lack of balance or
movement. Any deviation from the ideal described in the standard should
penalized to the extent of the deviation. Structural faults common to
breeds are as undesirable in the Bichon Frise as in any other breed,
though such faults may not be specifically mentioned in the
gentle mannered, playful and affectionate. A cheerful
attitude is the hallmark of the breed and one should settle for nothing
and bitches 9.5" to 11.5" are to be given primary preference.
Only where the comparative superiority of a specimen outside this range
clearly justifies it should greater latitude be taken. In no case,
should this latitude ever extend over 12" or under 9". The minimum
not apply to puppies.
texture of the coat is of utmost importance. The undercoat is soft and
dense, the outercoat of a coarser and curlier texture. The combination
the two gives a soft but substantial feel to the touch which is similar
plush or velvet and when patted, springs back. The coat is trimmed to
the natural outline of the body. It is rounded off from any direction
never cut so short as to create an overly trimmed or squared off
The furnishings of the head, beard, moustache, arch of neck, ears and
are left longer. The longer head hair is trimmed to create an overall
rounded impression. The topline is trimmed to appear level. The coat is
enough to maintain the powder puff look which is characteristic of the
breed, and when bathed, brushed and trimmed, the coat stands off the
creating an overall powder puff appearance. A wiry coat is not
limp silky coat that lies down, or a lack of undercoat are very serious
faults. The colour is white. There may be shadings of buff, cream or
around the ears or on the body. Any colour in excess of 10% of the
coat of a mature specimen is a fault and should be penalized, but
the accepted shadings should not be faulted in
skull is slightly rounded, allowing for a round and forward looking
skull should be broad, not coarse, covered with a topknot of hair
a rounded appearance.
properly balanced head is three parts muzzle to five parts skull. This
measured from the nose to the stop and from the stop to the occiput.
stop is slightly accentuated. A line drawn between the outside corners
the eyes and to the nose will create a near equilateral triangle. There
slight degree of chiselling under the eyes, but not so much as to
a weak or snipey foreface. The lower jaw is
nose is prominent and always black.
are black, fine, never drooping. Bite is scissors. A bite which
is undershot or overshot should be penalized. A crooked or out of line
is permissible, however missing teeth are to be severely
are round, black or dark brown and are set in the skull to look
directly forward. An overly large or bulging eye is a fault as is an
shaped, obliquely set eye. Halos, the black or very dark brown skin
surrounding the eyes, are necessary as they accentuate the eye and
expression. The eye rims themselves must be black. Broken pigment, or
absence of pigment on the eye rims produces a blank and staring
which is a definite fault. Eyes of any colour other than black or dark
is a very serious fault and must be severely
ears are dropped and covered with long, flowing hair. When extended
the nose, the leathers reach approximately halfway the length of the
They are set on slightly higher than eye level and rather forward on
skull so that when the dog is alert they frame the
arched neck is long and carried proudly behind an erect head. It blends
smoothly into the shoulders. The length of neck from occiput to withers
approximately one-third the distance from forechest to
shoulder blade, upper arm and forearm are approximately equal in
shoulders are laid back to somewhat near a forty-five degree
upper arm extends well back so that elbow is placed directly below the
withers when viewed from the side. The elbows are held close to the
are of medium bone; straight, with no bow or curve in the
forearm or wrist.
pasterns slope slightly from the vertical. The dewclaws may be
feet are tight and round, resembling those of a cat and point directly
forward, turning neither in nor out. Pads are black. Nails are kept
body from the forwardmost part of the chest to the point of rump is 25%
longer than the height at the withers. The body from the withers to
point of the chest represents half the distance from withers to ground.
back from the withers to the set of tail is slightly shorter than the
topline is level except for a slight, muscular arch over the
chest is well developed and wide enough to allow free and unrestricted
movement of the front legs. The lowest point of the chest extends at
to the elbow. The forechest is well pronounced and protrudes slightly
forward of the point of shoulder. The rib cage is moderately sprung and
extends back to a short and muscular loin.
abdomen is well muscled, not flabby, with a moderate
loin is short and muscular.
is a slight, muscular arch over the loin. The croup is
not protruding, slightly
upper and lower thighs are nearly equal in length, meeting at the
leg from hock joint to foot pad is perpendicular to the
stifle joint is well bent.
are tight and round with black, thick pads. The dewclaws may be removed.
tail is well plumed, set on level with the topline and curved
gracefully over the back in line with the spine so that the hair of the
tail rests on the back. The tailbone is not to touch the back. Carried
in this way and extended forward towards the head it reaches at least
halfway to the withers. A low tail set, a tail carried perpendicular to
the back or a tail which droops behind is to be penalized. A corkscrew
tail is a very serious fault.
at a trot is free, precise and effortless. In profile the forelegs and
hind legs extend equally with an easy reach and drive that maintains a
steady topline. When moving, the head and neck remain somewhat erect
and as speed increases there is a very slight convergence of legs
toward the centre line. Moving away, the hindquarters travel with
moderate width between them and the foot pads can be seen. Coming and
going, movement is precise and true.
incorrect head proportions; poor pigmentation; protruding or almond
shaped eyes; undershot or overshot bite; missing teeth; incorrect body
proportions; incorrect tail set or carriage; overly trimmed coat on
adults or puppies which does not portray a powder puff appearance;
aggressive or shy behaviour.
12" or under 9"; yellow eyes; black hair in the coat; pink eye rims
and/or nose; showing aggression by biting or snapping.